Weekly case summaries from the U.S. 1st Circuit Court of Appeals and related news, from FindLaw.com.
U.S. First Circuit
Digest for Week of February 9th, 2017

U.S. 1st Circuit Case Summaries & Blog Posts

Case Summaries:
Blog Posts:

U.S. 1st Circuit Case Summaries


US v. Henry

February 6, 2017

(United States First Circuit) - Conviction of of possession of crack cocaine with intent to distribute is affirmed over defendant's meritless claims that: 1) the district court erroneously failed to suppress text messages the police obtained from his cell phone pursuant to a search warrant; and 2) the district court erred in admitting evidence of his prior drug conviction, allowing a police officer to provide inadmissible expert testimony, and by failing to instruct the jury on the lesser included offense of simple possession.
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Mediterranean Shipping Co. v. Best Tire Recycling, Inc.

February 6, 2017
Transportation, Admiralty, Contracts
(United States First Circuit) - In a dispute arising out of a contract for the shipment of used tires from Puerto Rico to Vietnam, which accrued demurrage charges, port storage charges, and related administrative fees, apparently because it arrived late to Vietnam, the district court finding that defendant was the shipper, and therefore, pursuant to the bills of lading, was liable for the charges and fees to the carrier, is affirmed where was designated as the shipper on the bills of lading.
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US v. Herman

February 6, 2017
Sentencing, Criminal Law & Procedure
(United States First Circuit) - Sentence and conviction of conspiracy, willful violation of the Investment Advisers Act, wire fraud, and corruptly impeding the administration of internal revenue laws, arising from a scheme in which defendant and a co-conspirator solicited funds for purported investment in a hedge fund management company, are affirmed where: 1) there were no deficiencies in the district court's instructions on the reasonable doubt standard; and 2) the district court did not err in refusing to grant an additional downward departure on her already below guidelines sentence.
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US v. Perez-Diaz

February 3, 2017
Evidence, Criminal Law & Procedure
(United States First Circuit) - Sentence for conviction by guilty plea to possession of child pornography in violation of 18 U.S.C. section 2252(a)(4)(B) is affirmed over defendant's claim that the district court erred in denying his motion to suppress evidence on Fourth Amendment grounds where the district court's factual findings do not support defendant's contentions.
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US v. Pereira

February 3, 2017
Criminal Law & Procedure
(United States First Circuit) - Conviction of conspiring to possess cocaine with the intent to distribute, and aiding and abetting others to possess cocaine with the intent to distribute, in violation of 18 U.S.C. section 2 and 21 U.S.C. sections 841(a)(1) and 846, is vacated and remanded for a new trial where the prosecutor's improper questioning compelled defendant to comment on the veracity of two cooperating government witnesses, a problem that was exacerbated by improper judicial intervention in support of the prosecutor's questions.
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Prime Healthcare Services v. United Nurses and Allied Professionals

February 3, 2017
ERISA, Labor & Employment Law, Dispute Resolution & Arbitration
(United States First Circuit) - In a dispute between employees and their successor employer, both of whom agreed to arbitrate, the district court's refusal to compel arbitration because it found that ERISA preempted arbitration of this dispute, which presented an issue of arbitrability properly decided by a judge, is reversed where the issue of ERISA preemption in this case is not an issue of arbitrability, but rather one that is squarely for the arbitrator to decide.
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U.S. 1st Circuit Blog Posts


Court Upholds Hospital's Non-Union Hiring

William Vogeler
January 27, 2017
Reversing a decision by the National Labor Relations Board, a federal appeals court has upheld a hospital group's preference for hiring non-union workers at its non-union hospitals. The First Circuit Court of Appeal said the NLRB did not have substantial...
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No Enforcement Means No Standing in Abortion Buffer-Zone Suit

Casey C. Sullivan, Esq.
January 18, 2017
New Hampshire law allows, but doesn't require, abortion clinics to create a buffer zone around their facilities, of up to 25 feet. The public, with some exceptions, is excluded from that zone. Abortion opponents sued to have the law...
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Drug-Testing Discrimination Case Revived by First Circuit

William Vogeler
January 4, 2017
Reviving a lawsuit by black police officers who claimed hair testing for drugs discriminated against them, a federal appeals court has ruled that hair testing "plus urinalysis" could be a reliable alternative to hair testing alone. The First Circuit...
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If no blog posts appear in this area, there are no new blog posts this week.
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